E n g l i s h v e r s i o n
LEAGUE OF DESCENDANTS OF LVOV`S PROFESSORS MURDERED BY GESTAPO IN JULY 1941
55-120 Oborniki Śląskie POLAND - 20th May 2002
of Federal Republic of Germany
H.E. Ambassador of FRG
It is our tragic duty to remind you, the highest Representative of Federal Republic of Germany and of German nation, of the genocidal murder perpetuated by Germans at the time of the 2nd World War on our fathers, grandfathers, their wives, sons, a grandson, a catholic priest and their friends.
This crime was arisen from the idea of German suprematism promoting the murder of eminent Polish scientists and academic educators of young Poles, striving to annihilate in this way the intellect of Polish nation.
Here are the circumstances of this crime:
Immediately after Lvov was invaded by German troops – within the night hours on the 3rd to 4th July 1941 – a special unit of Gestapo commanded by the SS–Hauptsturmfuehrer Hans Krueger and his deputy the SS–Obersturmfuehrer Walter Kutschmann, assisted by a special unit "Nachtigall" formed of Ukrainians wearing SS-uniforms, brutally arrested a group of professors of Lvov’s University and other academic schools. Simutaneously, they arrested a number of family members and friends found in the professors apartments. In no case a writ of arrest was shown nor the cause and the aim of the detention was revealed.
All arrested persons but one, a professor who declared to be a German nobleman, have been atrociously executed by a firing squad, still in the wee hours of the 4th July. The execution, performed at the twilight in a dell of the Wulecka Hills was watched by a number of persons from the side of Nabielaka street (i.e. from north-west) as well from the side of Małachowski street (from south). Some of these witnesses identified several victims of this crime known to them personally. The witnesses have been deadly terrified and felt they may also be murdered if they begin to speak about. The wives of the arrested professors, being unware of the fate of their husbands, asked about them at the office of Gestapo in Pełczyńska street where they received a stereotypical answer: „Your husband is in a safe place”.
The crime of 4th July engulfed a number of family members of the professors in question. Together with them have been arrested and murdered: the wives of two professors of the medical faculty, eight sons, one grandson, one catholic priest and eight friends. It seems probable that the murder of the two wives was stimulated additionally by the greediness of the perpetrators, as it facilitated them to rob the very precious equipement from the apartments of medical professors.
On the 12th July Gestapo murdered two more professors. On the 26th July was executed solitary a professor of the Lvov’s Technical University who has been arrested already on the 2nd July as the first one in this tragical series.
Altogether, in July 1941 Gestapo executed 25 professors. Among them were: 14 ones of Jan Kazimierz University (UJK), 8 professors of the Lvov’s Technical University (PL), 2 ones of the Foreign Trade Academy (AHZ), 1 of the Veterinarian Academy in Lvov (AWL).
Here is the detailed list of the victims of this genocidal crime:
Prof. Dr Antoni Cieszyński, age 59, dir. of the Cl. f. Stomatology UJK
Prof. Dr Władysław Dobrzaniecki, age 44, head of dpt. f. Surgery PSP
Prof. Dr Jan Grek, age 66, prof. at the Cl. f. Internal Diseases UJK
Maria Grekowa, age 57, wife of prof. Grek
Doc. Dr Jerzy Grzędzielski, age 40, dir. of the Cl. f. Ophtalmology UJK
Prof. Dr Edward Hamerski, age 43, dir. of the Cl. f. Internal Diseases AWL
Prof. Dr Henryk Hilarowicz, age 51, prof. at the Cl. f. Surgery UJK
Priest Dr teol. Władysław Komornicki, age 29, relative of Mrs Ostrowska
Eugeniusz Kostecki, age 36, husband of prof. Dobrzaniecki's hausekeeper
Prof. Dr Włodzimierz Krukowski, age 53, dir. of the Chair f. Electrical Measurements PL
Prof. Dr Roman Longchamps de Bérier., age 59, dir. of the Chair f. Civil Law UJK
Bronisław Longchamps de Bérier, age 25, PL-graduate, son of professor
Zygmunt Longchamps de Bérier, age 23, PL-graduate, son of professor
Kazimierz Longchamps de Bérier, age 18, Secondary school-graduate, son of professor
Prof. Dr Antoni Łomnicki, age 60, dir. of the Chair f. Mathematics PL
Adam Mięsowicz, age 19, Secondary school-graduate, grandson of professor Sołowij
Prof. Dr Witołd Nowicki, age 63, dir. of the Chair f. Pathological Anatomy UJK
Dr med. Jerzy Nowicki, age 27 , senior assistant of the Chair Hygiene UJK, son of professor
Prof. Dr Tadeusz Ostrowski, age 60, dir. of the Cl. f. Surgery UJK
Jadwiga Ostrowska, age 59, wife of prof. Ostrowski
Prof. Dr Stanisław Pilat, age 60, dir. of the Chair f. Petrol and Earth-Gases’ Technology PL
Prof. Dr Stanisław Progulski, age 67, professor at Cl. f. Paediatrics UJK
Ing. Andrzej Progulski, age 29, son of professor
Prof. Dr Roman Rencki, age 67, dir. of the Cl. f. Internal Diseases UJK
Dr med. Stanisław Ruff, age 69, head of dpt f. Surgery Jewish Hospital taken from prof. Ostrowski's flat with his family
Anna Ruffowa, age 55, wife of dr Ruff
Ing. Adam Ruff, age 30, son of dr Ruff
Prof. Dr Włodzimierz Sieradzki, age 70, dir. of the Chair f. Forensic Medicine UJK
Prof. Dr Adam Sołowij, age 82, ret. head of dpt f. Obsterics and Gynaecology PSP
Prof. Dr Włodzimierz Stożek, age 57, dir. of the Chair f. Mathematics PL
Ing. Eustachy Stożek, age 29, ass. PL, son of professor
Emanuel Stożek, age 24, PL-graduate, son of professor
Dr iur. Tadeusz Tapkowski, age 44, taken from profesor Dobrzaniecki's flat
Prof. Dr Kazimierz Vetulani, age 52, dir. of the Chair f. Theoretical Mechanics PL
Prof. Dr Kacper Weigel, age 61, dir. of the Chair f. Measurements PL
Mgr iur. Józef Weigel, age 33, son of professor
Prof. Dr Roman Witkiewicz, age 61, dir. of the Chair f. Mechanical Measurements PL
Prof. Dr Tadeusz Żeleński-Boy, age 66, writer, dir. of the Chair f. French Literature at the University, arrested in prof. Grek's flat
Persons murdered on 4th July 1941 in the courtyard of the hostel of Abramowicze:
Katarzyna Demko, age 34, teacher of English, taken from prof. Ostrowski's flat
Doc. Dr Stanisław Mączewski, age 49, head of dpt f. Obsterics and Gynaecology PSP
Maria Reymanowa, age 40, nurse taken from professor Ostrowski's flat
Wolisch, age 40-45, businessman taken from prof. Sieradzki's flat
Persons murdered on 12th July 1941:
Prof. Dr Henryk Korowicz, age 53, dir. of the Chair f. Economics AHZ
Prof. Dr Stanisław Ruziewicz, age 53, dir. of the Chair f. Mathematics AHZ
Person murdered solitary in prison on 26th July 1941:
Prof. Dr Kazimierz Bartel, age 59, dir of the Chair f. Design Geometry PL, former prime minister of Polish Republic (three times of office)
Until now, more than sixty years passed since this monstrous murder of July 1941 has been committed. During this whole period of time no one court of justice has examined the circumstances of this crime. No one has condemned its inspirators and direct authors nor tried to punish its perpetrators. Passivity and unsensibility or a coward attitude towards the possibility to unveil the truth, were the reasons for which neither the Tribunal of Nuremberg nor the court of justice of the Federal Republic of Germany have shown the will to fulfill this fundamental duty.
When in 1960 the widow of professor Włodzimierz Krukowski, doctor Helena Krukowska – despite of considerable difficulties resulting from subjugation of Poland by the Soviet Union in consequence of the Jalta Agreements – put in a demand before the court of justice in Hamburg asking for punishement of the perpetrators, she received, after a delay of five years, the decision of the leading state prosecutor von Below (dossier number: 141 Js 12/65) in which he wrote that he has "put an end to the procedure" "because the German perpetrators responsible for the execution by firing of the Lvov's Professors are not alive what is established with absolute certainty". He reveiled in his answer the deceitful face of this court of justice because in this very period of time the main perpetrator of crime – Hans Krueger – served the life sentence in a Hamburg’s prison for crimes commited on Jews in Stanisławów.
Today, particularly in front of the vision of Poland's accesion to the European Union, the standpoint of the German nation appears to be of fundamental importance.
We consider it to be our duty, Mr President, to direct your attention to the necessity that you declare in the name of the Federal Republic of Germany and that of the German nation, the grief because of the genocide crime committed by Germans on the Lvov's Professors, their families and their friends, and that you condemm its inspiring idea.
Notwithstanding we reserve to us the right to put in a demand before the Highest Court of Justice of the Federal Republic of Germany for idemnification – for the act of genocide crime on our fathers, grandfathers, their wives, sons, a grandson, a catholic priest and their friends as well as – for the long term losses incurred. We intend to use these means for establishing foundations – in honour of the Lvov's Professors – charged with the mission to continue their tragically interrupted rôle.
With respectful regards
The Member of Board The President
prof. Tomasz Cieszyński
prof. dr hab. prof. dr hab.
mgr inż. Andrzej Chuweń